Periodontal Therapy

Diagnosis: Regular professional dental checkups to evaluate the state of your oral health are essential for detecting and managing periodontal disease. Your general dentist usually detects gum disease and treats it in the early stages. While some general dentists have the expertise to treat more advanced forms of periodontal disease, more frequently, gum disease requires specialized treatment. In such cases, your general dentist may refer you to a periodontist.  

Here are some common signs of gum disease you and your dentist can look for:

  • Bleeding gums during tooth brushing or otherwise.
  • Sensitive, red or swollen gums.
  • Bad breath.
  • teeth that are loose or appear to have shifted.
Treatment: Periodontal diseases destroy the gums and supporting bone that hold your teeth in your mouth. As a result, teeth may loosen and fall out or need to be removed and replaced with dental bridges or implants.

Periodontal plastic surgery may be required to cover exposed tooth root surfaces, correct gum and jawbone indentations or reshape and repair the gum tissue. Dental implants are placed to provide an artificial tooth root to support dental restorations that will later be created by your dentist or prosthodontist.

Maintenance: Periodontal diseases are chronic diseases. Without vigilant, meticulous and ongoing treatment, periodontal diseases can and often do recur. Once your periodontal health has been evaluated, your periodontist will work with you to customize the best treatment plan to control your periodontal disease.

Treatment can vary depending on how far the periodontal disease has progressed. If diagnosed and treated in its early stages, simple non-surgical periodontal therapy may be enough. If periodontitis has progressed to the extent where you have deep periodontal pockets and considerable bone loss, surgical therapy may be required.

 
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